How do the Unitary Patent and Unified Patent Court differ from what we have already got?

Assuming the participating Member States do all ratify, the UP Regulation will allow a patent granted by the existing European Patent Office (EPO) to cover as a single patent almost the whole of the EU. Such a patent will be enforceable and revocable throughout all of those participating Member States in a single action before a single court.

This differs from the current situation, in which the EPO grants a patent known as a European patent (EP), which takes effect as a bundle of individual national patents. Each of these national patents must usually be enforced and maintained individually and separately in each of the countries in which they are registered.

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